Learn how to start a profitable aquaculture project

Learn how to start a profitable aquaculture project
12/17/2018 - 19:23

The consumption of fish grew by 23.7% in the last two years and the sales of the producers of this type of business is close to the soybean, main commodity of the Brazilian agriculture. And the positive numbers indicate that it has never been so advantageous to start an aquaculture project in Brazil.

However, if you are thinking of starting yours, you need to consider some factors that determine the profitability and success of that investment. Just like in any company, one must understand the market, the business, the needs of its public and do a good planning.

A good aquaculture project involves choosing a suitable location with adequate water and soil availability for the species that will be produced. In addition, you need to decide which tank model is best and the design process, to minimize costs, optimize processes, and increase ROI.

With this in mind, we have included in this post relevant information for decision-making to start a profitable and efficient aquaculture project. Read through to see!

Why is understanding the market important?

One of the factors that should be considered when starting an aquaculture project is the market where you intend to act. In this way, it is necessary to understand how is the dynamics of segment performance in the desired region in terms of:

target audience: what the consumer profile in the region, its species preferences, buying behavior, average ticket consumed and main purchase channels;

competition: what other companies operate in the region, how they work, what types of species they produce, how they relate to sales channels and their values;

infrastructure: what is the region in terms of distribution and water quality, available areas, maintenance costs and relationships with other stakeholders.

Understanding these variables is critical for you to make the right choices in your project, ensuring that it is more profitable and successful in your chosen region. With your understanding you can, for example, identify a species that is much sought after by the public and the competition does not yet produce, facilitating its entry into the market.

How to determine the location of the project?

The first decision should be the place where your aquatic farm or aquaculture project will be developed. To do this, it is necessary to consider a set of factors that determine whether or not the site is suitable for fish breeding and other aquatic organisms.

Size and layout

Look for a location that has space and favorable relief that meets the needs of your project. Consider the type of creation you want to have, the size and number of tanks, specific spaces for storage and input control, and any other environment the business requires.

Type of soil

The indicated one is to look for a non permeable soil, that is, that does not allow excessive infiltration. This is important so that water loss is minimal. In addition, clay soils are not indicated because they facilitate drenching, compaction and cracking, restricting their use.

Access and water quality

The site must have water availability without interruption, in sufficient quantity and of adequate quality. Consider the volume used in the project and ensure that the supply system operates safely.

Climate variations and altitude

Another point that should be considered is the climate of the region, understanding its climatic variations. This factor must be supported by the species of aquatic organism that you want to create. The altitude should also be evaluated as it interferes with the dissolved oxygen content of the site.

Infrastructure of the region

Also consider factors such as access routes, proximity to feed factories, consumer market, availability of electricity, water and security against theft and robbery.

All these variables impact the costs and the quality of its production, directly influencing the profitability of the project. The ideal is to have a company specialized in the subject to make this type of decision, if you do not have the expertise.

Why is it important to consider the type of soil?

In addition to the reasons already presented, it is important to understand that the soil type of the site chosen also impacts on water quality, the main efficiency factor for the production of a fish.

The characteristics of the soil-forming rock of the region indicate the minerals that will be present in the aquatic environment, because as a function of the specific solubility they may be present in the local water. In this way, water can be of better or worse quality, which will certainly impact the cost of production.

How to define the quantity and form of water use?

The quantity of water required for the production of fish and other aquatic organisms depends on the requirements of each species, the design of the tank or the natural nursery, the storage density (number of fish per cubic meter of water), food that will be offered and the climate and altitude of the region.

General rules

Generally speaking, there are some rules that should be considered for calculating the amount of water required in your project.

  • For fish production in dug-out ponds without renewal, the minimum amount of available water (minimum flow) shall be capable of replenishing losses through infiltration and evaporation.
  • Still on the production of fish in natural nurseries excavated, it is possible to assume the need of a minimum flow of 10 liters of water per second for each hectare of constructed water mirror.
  • Generally the fish production in tanks is carried out in high storage densities and with intensive food management, necessitating water flows capable of maintaining the quality of the environment.
  • Water use systems

    There are five models of water use system in aquaculture projects. Check each of them and their characteristics:

  • open system: water is used only once. The effluent is discarded or used in the irrigation of plants rooted in the soil;
  • RAS: recirculation systems, in which the effluent (water) is reconditioned in filters and returned to the production tanks, closing a cycle and minimizing water consumption and losses;
  • RAS + aquaponics: recirculation systems. In them, the effluent water from the production tanks is reconditioned in filters and taken to a plant without soil, returning to the tanks, which reduces the consumption of water and fixes in the plants the nutrients not used by aquatic organisms ;
  • BFT: feces and waste metabolites are treated within the production tank itself, in which bacteria, algae, fungi, protozoa, rotifers and a large number of other microorganisms feed on the suspended organic material, maintaining adequate water quality;
  • BFT + aquaponics: smixed systems in which the water from the production tanks is recycled by initially passing through a decanter to reduce the suspended solids content and is conducted to a plant production unit without soil, finally returning to the beginning of the process.
  • What species of fish to grow?

    There are several fish options for those who want to start an aquaculture project in Brazil. However, you need to choose one that you are familiar with, that is right for your location, and is in the interest of your target audience. We highlight some of them:

    • will kiss
    • sea bass;
    • sole;
    • grouper;
    • tambaqui;
    • pacu;
    • pirapitinga;
    • diverse interspecific hybrids (tambaqui x pacu x pirapitinga);
    • pirarucu;
    • tents;
    • painted;
    • cachara;
    • jundiá;
    • piraíba;
    • pirarara;
    • jaú;
    • various interspecific hybrid catfishes;
    • piau-açu;
    • matrinchã;
    • piraputanga;
    • jatuarana;
    • piracanjuba;
    • golden;
    • tucunarés;
    • pangassius;
    • various species of lambari;
    • Tilapia;
    • curimbatá;
    • curimatã-pacu;
    • mandi;
    • suruvi;
    • black-bass;
    • cat-fish;
    • Clarias;
    • trout;
    • salmon;
    • some species of Amazon prawns-pitus;
    • giant prawn from malaysia;
    • Litopenaeus vannamei;
    • tracajás;
    • alligators;
    • a multitude of freshwater and marine ornamental fish species;
    • microalgae (pharmaceutical industry, human and animal feed, biodiesel production);
    • macroalgae;
    • Oysters;
    • Scallops;
    • Mussels.
    • A recent study talks more about the development of some of the cited species, showing their advances in technology and market growth.


    Why use tank instead of nursery?

    The term "tank" is used generically. It refers to a fish production unit, that is, to the place where the fish will actually be raised. There are different options for this, but the most common are artificial tanks and the nurseries made in excavation.

    As a more efficient option, artificial tanks have been the best choice to start an aquaculture project. They are designed and created with materials and systems that provide better conditions for the genetic expression of the lineage of the chosen species.


    How to choose the ideal tank for aquaculture project?

    Choosing a tank for your project should consider the available space on the site, the availability of water, the desired internal color for the pocket, the purpose of use, and the capacity needed to meet the demands of your business.

    A great choice are the vinitank® tanks, whose production units offer ease of assembly and installation, high quality, simplicity and quickness of supply, greater efficiency of drainage and water use, ease of cleaning and disinfection, durability among many other benefits.

    With the information presented in this post, you are ready to create a profitable and successful aquaculture project! Do not forget to look for quality equipment: access the Sansuy e-commerce, reference in this segment, and find the best tanks and materials for your business.


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     Learn how to start a profitable aquaculture project
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    The consumption of fish increased by 23.7% in the last two years and the