The consumption of fish grew by 23.7% in the last two years and the sales of the producers of this type of business is close to the soybean, main commodity of the Brazilian agriculture. And the positive numbers indicate that it has never been so advantageous to start an aquaculture project in Brazil.
However, if you are thinking of starting yours, you need to consider some factors that determine the profitability and success of that investment. Just like in any company, one must understand the market, the business, the needs of its public and do a good planning.
A good aquaculture project involves choosing a suitable location with adequate water and soil availability for the species that will be produced. In addition, you need to decide which tank model is best and the design process, to minimize costs, optimize processes, and increase ROI.
With this in mind, we have included in this post relevant information for decision-making to start a profitable and efficient aquaculture project. Read through to see!
One of the factors that should be considered when starting an aquaculture project is the market where you intend to act. In this way, it is necessary to understand how is the dynamics of segment performance in the desired region in terms of:
target audience: what the consumer profile in the region, its species preferences, buying behavior, average ticket consumed and main purchase channels;
competition: what other companies operate in the region, how they work, what types of species they produce, how they relate to sales channels and their values;
infrastructure: what is the region in terms of distribution and water quality, available areas, maintenance costs and relationships with other stakeholders.
Understanding these variables is critical for you to make the right choices in your project, ensuring that it is more profitable and successful in your chosen region. With your understanding you can, for example, identify a species that is much sought after by the public and the competition does not yet produce, facilitating its entry into the market.
The first decision should be the place where your aquatic farm or aquaculture project will be developed. To do this, it is necessary to consider a set of factors that determine whether or not the site is suitable for fish breeding and other aquatic organisms.
Look for a location that has space and favorable relief that meets the needs of your project. Consider the type of creation you want to have, the size and number of tanks, specific spaces for storage and input control, and any other environment the business requires.
The indicated one is to look for a non permeable soil, that is, that does not allow excessive infiltration. This is important so that water loss is minimal. In addition, clay soils are not indicated because they facilitate drenching, compaction and cracking, restricting their use.
The site must have water availability without interruption, in sufficient quantity and of adequate quality. Consider the volume used in the project and ensure that the supply system operates safely.
Another point that should be considered is the climate of the region, understanding its climatic variations. This factor must be supported by the species of aquatic organism that you want to create. The altitude should also be evaluated as it interferes with the dissolved oxygen content of the site.
Also consider factors such as access routes, proximity to feed factories, consumer market, availability of electricity, water and security against theft and robbery.
All these variables impact the costs and the quality of its production, directly influencing the profitability of the project. The ideal is to have a company specialized in the subject to make this type of decision, if you do not have the expertise.
In addition to the reasons already presented, it is important to understand that the soil type of the site chosen also impacts on water quality, the main efficiency factor for the production of a fish.
The characteristics of the soil-forming rock of the region indicate the minerals that will be present in the aquatic environment, because as a function of the specific solubility they may be present in the local water. In this way, water can be of better or worse quality, which will certainly impact the cost of production.
The quantity of water required for the production of fish and other aquatic organisms depends on the requirements of each species, the design of the tank or the natural nursery, the storage density (number of fish per cubic meter of water), food that will be offered and the climate and altitude of the region.
Generally speaking, there are some rules that should be considered for calculating the amount of water required in your project.
There are five models of water use system in aquaculture projects. Check each of them and their characteristics:
There are several fish options for those who want to start an aquaculture project in Brazil. However, you need to choose one that you are familiar with, that is right for your location, and is in the interest of your target audience. We highlight some of them:
The term "tank" is used generically. It refers to a fish production unit, that is, to the place where the fish will actually be raised. There are different options for this, but the most common are artificial tanks and the nurseries made in excavation.
As a more efficient option, artificial tanks have been the best choice to start an aquaculture project. They are designed and created with materials and systems that provide better conditions for the genetic expression of the lineage of the chosen species.
Choosing a tank for your project should consider the available space on the site, the availability of water, the desired internal color for the pocket, the purpose of use, and the capacity needed to meet the demands of your business.
A great choice are the vinitank® tanks, whose production units offer ease of assembly and installation, high quality, simplicity and quickness of supply, greater efficiency of drainage and water use, ease of cleaning and disinfection, durability among many other benefits.
With the information presented in this post, you are ready to create a profitable and successful aquaculture project! Do not forget to look for quality equipment: access the Sansuy e-commerce, reference in this segment, and find the best tanks and materials for your business.
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